LN 0. Topic 0: Preliminary Concepts (PDF)
Definitions of matter, substance, energy, atoms and particles, molecule and mole, molecular mass, molecular formula, chemical equations, reactions in aqueous media, acids and bases, redox reactions.
LN 1. Topic 1: Atoms (PDF)
Nuclear particles, elementary particles, nuclear stability, nuclear binding energy, energy units, nuclear transformations, decay chains, ionizing radiation units, uses of radioisotopes, radioactive decay rate, ancient ideas about atoms, black body radiation, photoelectric effect, hydrogen emission spectrum, foundations of quantum mechanics, hydrogen atom, quantum numbers and electronic configuration, multielectronic atoms, periodic table, periodicity of atomic properties.
LN 2. Topic 2: Molecules (PDF)
Bonding, covalent bonding, ionic charactero fo bonds, molecular polarity, bond strength and length, theory of molecular orbitals, hybridization, hybridization in molecules with multiple bonds, intermolecular forces.
LN 3. Topic 3: States of Matter (PDF)
Concept of state of matter, solids, gases, liquids, liquid crystals, liquid-gas equilibrium, solutions, colligative properties.
LN 4. Topic 4: Thermodynamics (PDF)
Heat and work, first law of thermodynamics, second law: entropy, third law, free energy.
LN 5. Topic 5: Equilibrium Reactions (PDF)
Free energy and equilibrium, Kc and Kp, heterogeneous equilibrium, Le Chatelier’s principle, acids and bases, self-ionization of water, pH, pOH and pK, strength of acids and bases, polyproticacids, conjugated acids and bases, hydrolysis, buffers, titrationand indicators, solubility, oxidation and reduction, balancing oxidation-reduction reactions, electrochemical cells, galvanic cells, electrode potentials and free energy, Nersnt equation, electrolytic cells.
LN 6. Topic 6: Kinetics (PDF)
Reaction rates, reaction rate laws , integrated reaction rate laws, reaction mechanism, kinetic theories, Arrhenius law, catalysis, enzimatic catalysis.
LN 7. Topic 7: Introduction to Organic Chemistry (PDF). Ethane rotation (GIF)
Carbon, naming, empirical and molecular formulae, structural formula, isomers, stereoisomerism (chirality), optical activity, Fisher projections, diasteroisomers, intermolecular forces, electronic shifts, organic reactions, intermediates: Radicals, carbocations and carbanions,substitution, addition, elimination, transposition, condensation reactions.
LN 8. Topic 8: Reactions in Organic Chemistry (PDF)
Alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and phenols, ethers, thiols, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic compounds, derivatives of carboxylic acids, amines.